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Developing Research Based Policy Briefs on Education, Health and Job Opportunities in FATA

Project Objective:

To produce research based “Policy Briefs” on a) Education, b) Health and c) Job Opportunities in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), covered  the existing situation with statistics, gaps, issues, challenges and opportunities.

These Policy Briefs were going to be structured broadly (but not limited to) on the following lines;

 

  1. a)      Policy Brief on Education:This sector has suffered a lot due to the war on terror in Fata for the last more than decade. Besides a good number of ghosts schools, over 800 more were blown up by the militants to discourage secular education and eliminate the threat being posed to their interest in the future in the shape of the future educated lot. The Policy Brief, besides shedding light on the background, will took an account of the literacy rates both for male and females, existing infrastructure, current strength of students (boys/Girls) enrolled in the schools, teachers (male/ female), hostel facilities, teacher training facilities and other relevant issues. In the light of various independent researches, it has been learnt that there are thousands of children roaming out of school, teachers are found absent while getting duly paid for what they don’t do. Accessibility is another problem. low salary packages also bars good teachers to join the profession. On the other hand, lack of basic facilities like clean drinking water, toilets, seating arrangements, fans and boundary walls also encourage high dropout rates in conservative areas like FATA.

Worsening security situation was another major issue.

The brief covered all these issues through reliable sources. The brief was come up with recommendations on areas of interventions which were based on people’s perceptions.

 

  1. b)      Policy Brief on Health: Like education sector in Fata, the militancy and subsequent war on terror was badly affected health sector as well. The hardliner militants have been targeting health infrastructure and human resources too. According to Human Development Index, health in Fata is posing as abysmal in comparison to the rest of the country. Health sector needs heavy investments and development to be able to respond to the health needs of people of Fata. The recent years have observed a high ratio of target killing of health workers in Fata causing rising in many diseases. Majority of the polio cases have been detected in FATA and specially the troubled part of Waziristan(s).

 

The policy brief explores the issues and challenges faced by the sector in infrastructure, human resource, training, accessibility, and low incentives in terms of financial benefits, security situation and policy level challenges. In addition, the brief proposed recommendations and initiatives for improvement in short and long term interventions.

 

  1. c)      Policy Brief on Job Opportunities: The decade long war on terror, no doubt, brought death and destruction to the country. Besides great human losses, Pakistan suffered from huge material losses as well. According to the Finance Minister Mr. Ishaq Dar, our material damages have gone over 107 billion dollars.

 

This Policy Brief covered the socio-economic profile of Fata with focus on job creation and livelihood opportunities. This brief explores the potential areas for creating job and business opportunities to engage the people and address the frustrations and sense of deprivations developed by the war-ravaged people of FATA over the years. The report comes up with potential areas ranging from agriculture to mines, livestock to fishing, honey bee production to furniture industry, marbles to timber, fruit and vegetables to the extraction and exploitation of natural resources that offers a lot of employment and business opportunities to the oppressed and suppressed sections of the society who have suffered in the war against terror during the last more than a decade.

 

The report also takes a view of the employed class in the governmental and non-governmental sectors and diaspora that has been playing its role in the economic development of the area.

 

The brief explores how to make opportunities out of challenges by inviting humanitarian and donor agencies, business community, banking sector, governmental and non-governmental sectors to invest in potential areas of the troubled FATA region and bring the area back on the track to progress and prosperity

 

The brief also proposed some new ways for improvement in job creation sector and introduction of marketable skills with special focus on women entrepreneurs.

We conducted 09 FGDs and 35 Key Informant Interviews for this project, along with a detailed literature review.

The fourth product of this project was, Public Perceptions on Social Services Delivery in FATA: Assessing the State of Education, Health and Livelihood. 

 

(This is a detailed report based on the literature review and people’s perception recorded during the course of our discussions and interviews with key informants from all over FATA)

 

This will be a separate study report that will be one of our important publications ever. We are still for waiting this report to be finalized by UNDP.

Highlights of the event

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